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【论文】Hao Chen,赵春明,Wence Yu:“Continued Export Trade, Screening-Matching and Gender Discrimination in Employment”
发布日期: 2017-03-27  浏览次数:

Hao Chen,赵春明,Wence YuContinued Export Trade, Screening-Matching and Gender Discrimination in EmploymentChina Economic ReviewFeb.2017Vol.42pp 88-100.

Abstract

On the basis of the theoretical framework of micro-enterprise and the optimized behavior of job seekers, incorporating export trade, screening-matching and gender discrimination in employment into a unified analysis and applying propensity score matching estimation, this paper examines the relations between export trade of industrial enterprises and female labor employment levels in China. The results indicate that:(1The number and ration of female employees are increasing with the size and growth of the enterprise export, regardless of enterprise exports continuity. It demonstrates that export expansion does play a critical role in mitigating gender discrimination in employment. 2For the enterprise with higher export continuity, there is a significant effect toward improving the umber and proportion of female employees, conversely the worse effect. Thus, it is significantly meaningful to mitigate gender discrimination in employment by ensuring the continued export capacity of enterprises. 3Comparing to the promoting effect of growth in the number of female employees, export has limit effect up on increasing the proportion of female employees. Therefore, it is rather difficult to resolve the issue of gender discrimination in employment by relying completely on exports expansion. Based on research findings, this paper discusses the policy implications in terms of easing gender discrimination in employment and promoting employment equity.


 

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